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Services We Offer

  • Bone tumors (Biopsy)
  • Benign bone lesions-curettage and bone grafting
  • Malignant Bone tumors-Limb Salvage surgeries
  • Metastatic Bone lesions fixation
  • Mega prosthesis (tumor prosthesis)
1) Bone Tumors (Biopsy)

Bone tumor biopsy is a medical procedure performed to obtain a tissue sample from a suspicious bone lesion. This sample is then examined under a microscope by a pathologist to determine the nature of the tumor, whether it's benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), and its specific characteristics.

Types of Bone Tumors

  • Benign Tumors: These tumors are non-cancerous and generally do not spread to other parts of the body. Examples include osteochondroma and osteoid osteoma.
  • Malignant Tumors: These are cancerous tumors that can invade surrounding tissues and spread to distant organs. Examples include osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and Ewing sarcoma.
Importance of Bone Tumor Biopsy
  • Accurate Diagnosis: Biopsy is crucial for accurately diagnosing the type and grade of the bone tumor. This information is essential for determining the most appropriate treatment plan.
  • Tailored Treatment: The biopsy results guide orthopedic oncologists in designing a personalized treatment strategy tailored to the specific characteristics of the tumor and the patient's overall health.
  • Prognostic Information: Biopsy results provide valuable prognostic information, helping doctors predict the tumor's behavior and the patient's likely outcome.
  • Research and Clinical Trials: Biopsy specimens contribute to ongoing research efforts aimed at improving treatment outcomes and developing new therapies through participation in clinical trials.
Bone Tumor Biopsy Techniques

Needle Biopsy: In this minimally invasive procedure, a thin needle is inserted into the tumor to extract a small tissue sample. Needle biopsy is often performed under image guidance, such as ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan, to ensure accurate placement.

Open Biopsy: Sometimes, a larger tissue sample is needed for thorough analysis. In an open biopsy, a surgical incision is made to directly access the tumor and obtain a tissue sample.

2) Benign Bone Lesions-Curettage And Bone Grafting

Benign bone lesions are abnormal growths or tumors that develop within the bone tissue. Although they are non-cancerous, they can still cause pain, weakness, and in some cases, structural instability. These lesions may arise due to various factors such as trauma, infection, or developmental abnormalities.

What is Curettage and Bone Grafting?

Curettage and bone grafting is a surgical procedure commonly employed to treat benign bone lesions. It involves the removal (curettage) of the abnormal tissue from the affected bone followed by the placement of a bone graft to promote healing and restore bone strength.

  • Curettage: The surgeon makes an incision over the affected area to access the lesion. Using specialized instruments, the abnormal tissue is carefully scraped out from the bone cavity. This process aims to remove all traces of the lesion while preserving as much healthy bone as possible.
  • Bone Grafting: Once the lesion is removed, the resulting cavity is filled with a bone graft. This graft can be sourced from various locations such as the patient's own bone (autograft), a donor bone (allograft), or synthetic materials. The bone graft serves as a scaffold for new bone formation, promoting healing and restoring structural integrity to the bone.
  • Closure: After the bone graft is placed, the incision is closed with sutures or surgical staples. A sterile dressing may be applied to the wound to aid in healing and reduce the risk of infection.
3) Malignant Bone Tumors-Limb Salvage Surgeries

Malignant bone tumors, also known as bone cancer, are abnormal growths of cells within the bone tissue. These tumors can be primary, originating within the bone itself, or secondary, spreading from cancer in another part of the body. While rare, malignant bone tumors require prompt diagnosis and treatment to prevent further complications.

Limb Salvage Surgeries

Limb salvage surgery is a specialized approach aimed at removing cancerous bone tissue while preserving the limb's function and structure. In the past, amputation was often the standard treatment for malignant bone tumors. However, advancements in surgical techniques and technology now allow for the removal of tumors while sparing the affected limb. This approach has significantly improved the quality of life for patients, enabling them to maintain mobility and functionality.

The Procedure

During a limb salvage surgery for malignant bone tumors, the orthopedic oncology team will carefully plan the procedure based on various factors, including the tumor's size, location, and stage. The surgery typically involves removing the cancerous portion of the bone while preserving surrounding healthy tissue. In some cases, bone grafts or prosthetic implants may be used to reconstruct the affected area and restore function.

Benefits of Limb Salvage Surgery
  • Preservation of limb function and mobility
  • Improved quality of life compared to amputation
  • Reduced risk of psychological and emotional distress associated with limb loss
  • Faster recovery and rehabilitation compared to traditional amputation
Post-Surgery Care

Following limb salvage surgery, patients will undergo a comprehensive rehabilitation program to regain strength, mobility, and function. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and ongoing monitoring to ensure optimal healing and recovery.

4) Metastatic Bone Lesions Fixation

Metastatic bone lesions occur when cancer from another part of the body spreads to the bones. These lesions can weaken the bone structure, leading to pain, fractures, and other complications. Common primary cancers that metastasize to the bones include breast, lung, prostate, and kidney cancers.

The Importance of Surgical Intervention

Surgery plays a crucial role in the management of metastatic bone lesions. The primary goal of surgical treatment is to stabilize the affected bone, relieve pain, and improve the patient's quality of life. Orthopaedic oncologists employ various surgical techniques tailored to the specific needs of each patient.

Metastatic Bone Lesions Fixation

One of the main surgical procedures used in the management of metastatic bone lesions is fixation. Fixation involves stabilizing the affected bone using implants such as plates, screws, rods, or intramedullary nails. This procedure helps prevent pathological fractures and provides support to the weakened bone, allowing patients to regain mobility and function.

The Surgical Process

Preoperative Evaluation: Before surgery, patients undergo a comprehensive evaluation, including imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans, to assess the extent of the lesion and plan the surgical approach.

Surgical Technique: During the procedure, the orthopaedic oncologist carefully removes any diseased tissue and stabilizes the bone using appropriate fixation devices. The choice of implants depends on factors such as the location and size of the lesion, bone quality, and the patient's overall health.

Postoperative Care

After surgery, patients receive specialized postoperative care, including pain management, physical therapy, and rehabilitation. Close monitoring is essential to ensure proper healing and early detection of any complications.

5) Mega prosthesis (tumor prosthesis):

A mega prosthesis, also known as a tumor prosthesis, is a specialized medical implant designed to replace large segments of bone affected by tumors. This advanced solution is often used in patients with bone cancers, such as osteosarcoma, where traditional surgical methods may not be sufficient.

When a bone tumor is detected, surgical removal of the affected bone is often necessary. In the past, this could lead to significant loss of function or even amputation. However, the development of mega prostheses has revolutionized treatment options. These custom-made implants can replace extensive sections of bone, including parts of joints, restoring both appearance and function.

The procedure involves carefully removing the tumor and the surrounding bone, then fitting the prosthesis into place. Made from durable materials like titanium, these implants are designed to mimic the structure and function of natural bone. Recovery involves physical therapy to regain strength and mobility, but many patients can return to normal activities over time.

Mega prostheses offer a new lease on life for individuals facing bone cancer, significantly improving outcomes and quality of life. If you or a loved one is dealing with a bone tumor, consult with a specialist to explore whether a mega prosthesis might be the right option.

Dr. Manuj Wadhwa
Years Of - Experience 20 +

Dr. Manuj Wadhwa

Chairman & Executive Director Elite Institutes of Orthopedics & Joint Replacement
  • Ivy Hospitals, Punjab
  • Ojas Hospitals, Panchkula
Awards Wining Doctor
  • 2 Times World Book of Records
  • 7 Times Limca Book of Records
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